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Education Policies: Select Topics

SEXUALITY EDUCATION POLICIES – SELECT TOPICS*

 
STATE
ABSTINENCE1
CONTRACEPTION1
ABORTION1
MARRIAGE1, 2
LGBTQ1
Alabama
Stress
Cover
 
Mentioned
Negative3,4,5
Alaska
 
 
 
 
 
Arizona
Stress
 
 
 
Negative4,6
Arkansas
Stress
Cover
Banned7
 
 
California
Cover
Cover
 
 
Positive8
Colorado
Stress
Cover
 
 
 
Connecticut
Cover
 
Mentioned9
 
 
Delaware
Stress
Cover
 
 
 
Florida
Stress
 
 
 
 
Georgia
Cover
 
 
 
 
Hawaii
Stress
Cover
 
 
 
Idaho
 
 
 
 
 
Illinois
Stress
Cover
 
Cover
 
Indiana
Stress
 
 
 
 
Iowa
 
 
 
 
 
Kansas
Stress
Cover
 
 
 
Kentucky
Cover
 
 
 
 
Louisiana
Stress
 
 
 
Banned
Maine
Stress
Cover
 
 
 
Maryland
Cover
Cover
 
 
Positive
Massachusetts
Cover
 
 
 
Positive
Michigan
Stress
 
Banned 7, 9, 10
 
 
Minnesota
Cover11
 
 
 
 
Mississippi
Stress12
 
 
Mentioned
Negative
Missouri
Stress
Cover
 
 
 
Montana
 
 
 
 
 
Nebraska
Stress
 
 
 
 
Nevada
 
 
 
 
 
New Hampshire
Cover
Cover
 
 
Positive8
New Jersey
Stress
Cover
 
Mentioned
 
New Mexico
Stress
Cover
 
 
 
New York
Stress11
Cover11
 
 
 
North Carolina
Stress
Cover
Mentioned13
Stress
 
North Dakota
 
 
 
 
 
Ohio
Stress
 
 
 
 
Oklahoma
Stress14/Cover11
Cover
 
 
Negative15
Oregon
Stress
Cover
 
 
 
Pennsylvania
Stress
 
 
 
 
Rhode Island
Stress
Cover11
 
Mentioned
 
South Carolina
Stress
Cover16
Banned
Stress
Negative4
South Dakota
Cover
 
 
 
 
Tennessee
Stress
 
 
 
 
Texas
Stress
Cover
 
 
 
Utah
Stress
 
 
 
Negative4
Vermont
Cover
Cover
Cover
 
 
Virginia
Cover
Cover
 
 
 
Washington
Stress
Cover
 
 
 
Washington, DC
 
Cover
Cover
 
Positive8
West Virginia
 
 
 
 
 
Wisconsin
Cover
 
 
Mandated
 
Wyoming
Stress
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
*Unless otherwise noted, where included in the chart, “Stress” and “Cover” signify how the curriculum must address select topics; “Mandated” and “Banned” signify what the state policy dictates; and “Positive” and “Negative” signify how issues of homosexuality and sexual orientation must be addressed in the curriculum.
1 Unless otherwise specified, the same is required of both sexuality education and STD/HIV/AIDS education.
2  Specifically refers to states that say heterosexual marriage must be promoted. Does not include all states that have an abstinence-only-until-marriage approach.
3 Must reference state laws that outlaw sodomy. However in 2003, the United States Supreme Court handed down a decision in Lawrence v. Texas which declared state laws criminalizing sodomy to be unconstitutional.
4 Must refer to homosexuality and/or same-sex sexual activity as a public health risk.
5 Must state that homosexuality is not acceptable to the general public.
6 Cannot promote homosexuality as a positive lifestyle.
7 Cannot give students information about abortion or refer them to abortion services.
8 Must respect all sexual orientations.
9 Cannot portray abortion as an alternative to family planning. 
10 Cannot refer students to abortion services.
11 Applies only to HIV/AIDS education.
12 If school board chooses to teach instruction in contraception, it can only be discussed in the context of failure rates.
13 “Students may receive information about where to obtain contraceptives and abortion referral services only in accordance with a local board’s policy regarding parental consent.”
14 Applies only to sexuality education classes.
15 Must instruct students that “engaging in homosexual activity or promiscuous sexual activity is now known to be primarily responsible for contact with the AIDS virus.”
16 “Contraceptive information must be given in the context of future family planning.”
National Coalition to Support Sexuality Education National Coalition to Support Sexuality Education