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Kentucky State Profile Fiscal Year 2009

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Kentucky

Sexuality Education Law and Policy | Recent Legislation | Youth Statistical Information of Note | Sexual Health Statistics | Comprehensive Approaches to Sex Education| Federal Funding of Abstinence-Only-Until-Marriage Programs | Abstinence-Only-Until-Marriage Curricula Used by Grantees | Federal Funding for Abstinence-Only-Until-Marriage Programs in FY 09 | Adolescent Health Contact | Organizations that Support Comprehensive Sexuality EducationOrganizations that Oppose Comprehensive Sexuality Education | Local Newspapers | Political Blogs | References

 
 
Kentucky Sexuality Education Law and Policy
There is no state law in Kentucky regarding sex education, however, all Kentucky schools follow the department of education’s Program of Studies, required instruction for students in grades six through 12.  Through personal and physical health education, students learn “how decision-making relates to responsible sexual behavior (e.g., abstinence, preventing pregnancy, preventing HIV/STDs), impacts physical, mental and social well being of an individual.”[1]  Students also learn about the basic reproductive system and functions.  No specific curriculum is required. However, state funds are available for local health departments to help young people postpone sexual involvement.
 
Kentucky does not require parental permission for students to participate in sexuality or HIV/AIDS education nor does it say whether parents or guardians may remove their children from such classes.
 
See Kentucky Department of Education’s Program of Studies.
 
 
Recent Legislation
Legislation to Require Medical Accuracy and Opt-Out Provisions
House Bill 119, introduced in January 2010, would have required any school or school district that offers sex education to adopt age-appropriate, medically accurate information. At a minimum, the information covered must have addressed abstinence and contraception. The bill did not state that a district or school must teach sex education, but rather set standards for curricula. HB 119 also would have permitted the Cabinet for Health and Family Services to refuse federal funding for abstinence-only-until-marriage programs and mandated that all human sexuality education or teen pregnancy prevention programs that receive state funding disseminate science-based information. The bill was referred to the House Committee on Education, where it died. The legislation was identical to House Bill 384 and Senate Bill 97, which were introduced in February 2009 and died in committee. 
 
 
Kentucky’s Youth: Statistical Information of Note[2] 
  • In 2009, 48% of female high school students and 49% of male high school students in Kentucky reported ever having had sexual intercourse compared to 46% of female high school students and 46% of male high school students nationwide.
 
  • In 2009, 4% of female high school students and 9% of male high school students in Kentucky reported having had sexual intercourse before age 13 compared to 3% of female high school students and 8% of male high school students nationwide.

  • In 2009, 11% of female high school students and 15% of male high school students in Kentucky reported having had four or more lifetime sexual partners compared to 11% of female high school students and 16% of male high school students nationwide.
 
  • In 2009, 36% of female high school students and 31% of male high school students in Kentucky reported being currently sexually active (defined as having had sexual intercourse in the three months prior to the survey) compared to 36% of female high school students and 33% of male high school students nationwide.
 
  • In 2009, among those high school students who reported being currently sexually active, 55% of females and 66% of males in Kentucky reported having used condoms the last time they had sexual intercourse compared to 54% of females and 69% of males nationwide.
 
 
  • In 2009, among those high school students who reported being currently sexually active, 27% of females and 19% of males in Kentucky reported having used birth control pills the last time they had sexual intercourse compared to 23% of females and 16% of males nationwide.
 
  • In 2009, among those high school students who reported being currently sexually active, 18% of females and 29% of males in Kentucky reported having used alcohol or drugs the last time they had sexual intercourse compared to 17% of females and 26% of males nationwide.
 
  • In 2009, 85% of high school students in Kentucky reported having been taught about AIDS/HIV in school compared to 87% of high school students nationwide.
 
 
Kentucky Youth Sexual Health Statistics
Teen Pregnancy, Birth, and Abortion
  • Kentucky’s teen pregnancy rate ranks 23rd in the U.S., with a rate of 66 pregnancies per 1,000 young women ages 15–19 compared to the national rate of 70 pregnancies per 1,000.[3] There were a total of 9,030 pregnancies among young women ages 15–19 reported in 2005, the most recent year for which data are available, in Kentucky.[4]
 
  • Kentucky’s teen birth rate ranked 13th in the U.S. in 2005, with a rate of 49.1 births per 1,000 young women ages 15–19 compared to the national rate of 40.5 births per 1,000.[5]  In 2005, there were a total of 6,726 live births reported to young women ages 15–19 in Kentucky.[6]
 
  • In 2006, the U.S. teen birth rate increased for the first time in 15 years by 3% from 40.5 to 41.9 births per 1,000 young women ages 15–19, after having steadily declined between 1991 and 2005.[7] In contrast, Kentucky’s teen birth rate increased 11% between 2005 and 2006, from 49.1 to 54.6 births per 1,000 young women ages 15–19.[8] 
 
  • Kentucky’s teen abortion rate ranks 44th in the U.S., with a rate of 5 abortions per 1,000 young women ages 15–19 compared to the national rate of 19 abortions per 1,000. In 2005, there were a total of 635 abortions reported among young women ages 15–19 in Kentucky.[9]  
  
HIV and AIDS
  • Kentucky ranks 27th in cases of HIV infection diagnosed in the U.S. among all age groups. In 2007, there were a total of 218 new cases of HIV infection diagnosed. [10]
 
  • Kentucky ranks 28th in number of reported AIDS cases in the U.S. among all age groups. In 2007, there were a total of 292 new AIDS cases reported in Kentucky.[11]
 
  • Kentucky’s AIDS rate ranks 26th in the U.S., with a rate of 6.9 cases per 100,000 population compared to the national rate of 12.5 cases per 100,000.[12]
 
  • Kentucky ranks 29th in number of reported AIDS cases in the U.S. among young people ages 13–19. In 2007, there were a total of 2 AIDS cases reported among young people ages 13–19 in Kentucky.[13]
 
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
  • Kentucky ranks 35th in reported cases of Chlamydia among young people ages 15–19 in the U.S., with an infection rate of 15.5 cases per 1,000 compared to the national rate of 19.51 cases per 1,000. In 2008, there were a total of 4,374 cases of Chlamydia reported among young people ages 15–19 in Kentucky.[14] 
 
  • Kentucky ranks 22nd in reported cases of gonorrhea among young people ages 15–19 in the U.S., with an infection rate of 4.16 cases per 1,000 compared to the national rate of 4.52 cases per 1,000. In 2008, there were a total of 1,174 cases of gonorrhea reported among young people ages 15–19 in Kentucky.[15] 
 
  • Kentucky ranks 23rd in reported cases of primary and secondary syphilis among young people ages 15–19 in the U.S., with an infection rate of 0.02 per cases 1,000 compared to the national rate of 0.04 cases per 1,000. In 2008, there were a total of 5 cases of syphilis reported among young people ages 15–19 in Kentucky.[16] 
 
 
Comprehensive Approaches to Sex Education
SIECUS is not aware of any examples of model programs, policies, or best practices being implemented in Kentucky public schools that provide a more comprehensive approach to sex education for young people.
 
We encourage you to submit any updated or additional information on comprehensive approaches to sex education being implemented in Kentucky public schools for inclusion in future publications of the SIECUS State Profiles. Please visit SIECUS’ “Contact Us” webpage at www.siecus.org to share information. Select “state policy” as the subject heading.
 
 
Federal Funding for Abstinence-Only-Until-Marriage Programs
The Department for Public Health and community-based organizations in Kentucky received $1,763,256 in federal funds for abstinence-only-until-marriage programs in Fiscal Year 2009.[17]
 
Title V Abstinence-Only-Until Marriage Funding
  • Kentucky received $613,268 in federal Title V abstinence-only-until-marriage funding in Fiscal Year 2009. Due to the expiration of the grant program on June 30, 2009, three months prior to the end of the federal fiscal year, the state received three quarters of the total funding allocated for the full fiscal year.
  • The Kentucky Department for Public Health distributes federal Title V abstinence-only-until-marriage funds to 14 sub-grantees, including 13 local health departments and one local government. The Title V abstinence-only-until marriage grant required states to provide three state-raised dollars or the equivalent in services for every four federal dollars received. The state match could have been provided in part or in full by local groups.
  • In Kentucky, sub-grantees contributed to the match through a combination of direct revenue and in-kind services.
 
Community-Based Abstinence Education (CBAE) Funding
  • Organizations in Kentucky received $1,149,988 in CBAE funding for Fiscal Year 2009.
  • There are two CBAE grantees in Kentucky, both of which are crisis pregnancy centers. 
 
Adolescent Family Life Act (AFLA) Funding
  • There are no AFLA grantees in Kentucky.
 
 
Abstinence-Only-Until-Marriage Curricula Used by Grantees
Some abstinence-only-until-marriage grantees in Kentucky use commercially available curricula. These include, but are not limited to:
  • Choosing the Best
  • Responsible Social Values (RSVP) 
  • Why kNOw
 
To read reviews of abstinence-only-until-marriage curricula commonly used by federal grantees please visit the “Curricula and Speaker Reviews” webpage of SIECUS’ Community Action Kit at www.communityactionkit.org.
 
 
Federal Funding for Abstinence-Only-Until-Marriage Programs in FY 2009[18]
 
Abstinence-Only-Until-Marriage
Grantee
 
 
Title V
 
CBAE
 
(Length of Grant)
 
AFLA
 
(Length of Grant)
 
Kentucky Department for
Public Health
 
 
 
$613,268
 
(federal grant)
 
 
 
 
 
Barren River District
Health Department
 
 
$30,542
 
(sub-grant)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Boyd County Health Department
 
 
$17,508
 
(sub-grant)
 
 
 
Christian County Health Department
 
 
$31,857
 
(sub-grant)
 
 
 
Cumberland Valley Health District.
 
 
$32,064
 
(sub-grant)
 
 
 
Garrard County Health Department
 
 
$21,282
 
(sub-grant)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Jessamine County Health Department
 
 
 
$30,101
 
(sub-grant)
 
 
 
Knox County Health Department
 
 
$25,099
 
(sub-grant)
 
 
 
Lexington/Fayette County
Health Department
 
 
$24,528
 
(sub-grant)
 
 
 
Lincoln Trail Health District
 
 
 
$21,237
 
(sub-grant)
 
 
 
 
Louisville Metro/Jefferson County
 
 
$29,881
 
(sub-grant)
 
 
 
 
Magoffin County Health Department
 
 
$35,015
 
(sub-grant)
 
 
 
 
Monroe County Health Department
 
 
$17,508
 
(sub-grant)
 
 
 
 
Muhlenberg County Health Department
 
 
$18,254
 
(sub-grant)
 
 
 
 
New Hope Center
 
 
 
$599,988
 
(2008–2013)
 
 
North Central Health District
 
 
 
$56,166
 
(sub-grant)
 
 
 
Women for Life, Inc. (d.b.a. Assurance: Care for Women and Girls)
 
 
 
 
$550,000
 
(2008–2013)
 
 
 
Adolescent Health Contact[19]
Benita Decker
Cabinet for Health & Family Services
275 East Main Street
Frankfort, KY 40621
Phone: (502) 564-3236, ext. 3065
 
 
Kentucky Organizations that Support Comprehensive Sexuality Education
ACLU of Kentucky
315 Guthrie Street, Suite 300
Louisville, KY 40202
Phone: (502) 581-1181
 
AIDS Services Center Coalition, Inc.
810 Barret Avenue, Suite 305
Louisville, KY 40204
Phone: (502) 574-5490
 
 Planned Parenthood of Louisville
1025 South 2nd Street
Louisville, KY 40203
Phone: (502) 584-2473
 
Kentucky Equality Action Center
P.O. Box 796
London, KY  40743
Phone: (877) KEF-5775
 
Kentucky Equality Federation
P.O. Box 23193
Lexington, KY 40523
Phone: (877) KEF-5775
Kentucky Religious Coalition for
Reproductive Choice
P.O. Box 4065
Louisville, KY 40204
Phone: (866) 606-0988
 
 
Kentucky Organizations that Oppose Comprehensive Sexuality Education
The Family Foundation of Kentucky
P.O. Box 911111
Lexington, KY 40951
Phone: (859) 255-5400
www.tffky.org
 
Heritage of Kentucky
265D Regency Circle
Lexington, KY 40503
Phone: (859) 278-8109
Kentucky Right to Life Association
134 Breckinridge Lane
Louisville, KY 40207
Phone: (502) 895-5959
New Hope Center
228 Thomas More Pkwy
Crestview Hills, KY 41017
Phone: (859) 341-0766
 
 
Newspapers in Kentucky[20]
The Courier-Journal
Newsroom
525 Broadway
Louisville, KY 40202
Phone: (502) 582-4011
 
Daily News
Newsroom
813 College Street
Bowling Green, KY 42101
Phone: (270) 781-1700 www.bgdailynews.com
 
Lexington Herald-Leader
Newsroom
100 Midland Avenue
Lexington, KY 40508
Phone: (859) 231-3576
 
Owensboro Messenger-Inquirer
Newsroom
1401 Frederica Street
Owensboro, KY 42301
Phone: (270) 926-0123
 
The Kentucky Post
Newsroom
1720 Gilbert Avenue
Cincinnati, OH 45202
Phone: (513)852-4042
 
 
 
Political Blogs in Kentucky
Barefoot and Progressive
 
Blue Bluegrass
 
Blue in the Grass
United We Stand: Kentucky’s LGBTI News
 
 


[1] Kentucky Department of Education, Program of Studies, p. 502, <http://www.education.ky.gov/users/jwyatt/POS/POS.pdf>
[2] Danice K. Eaton, et. al., “Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance—United States, 2009,” Surveillance Summaries, Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, vol. 59, no. SS-5 (4 June 2010): 98–109, accessed 4 June 2010, <http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/pdf/ss/ss5905.pdf>. 
[3] U.S. Teenage Pregnancies, Births, and Abortions: National and State Trends and Trends by Race and Ethnicity, (Washington, DC: Guttmacher Institute, January 2010), accessed 5 March 2010, <http://www.guttmacher.org/pubs/USTPtrends.pdf>, Table 3.1.
[4] Ibid., Table 3.2.
[5] Joyce A. Martin, et. al, “Births: Final Data for 2006,” National Vital Statistics Reports, vol. 57, number 7 (Hyattsville, MD: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 7 January 2009), accessed 5 March 2010, <http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr57/nvsr57_07.pdf>, Table B.
[6] Joyce A. Martin, et. al, “Births: Final Data for 2006,” National Vital Statistics Reports, vol. 57, number 7 (Hyattsville, MD: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 7 January 2009), accessed 5 March 2010, <http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr57/nvsr57_07.pdf>, Table B.
[7] Martin, et. al, “Births: Final Data for 2006,” 4.
[8] Ibid., Table B.
[9] U.S. Teenage Pregnancies, Births, and Abortions: National and State Trends and Trends by Race and Ethnicity, Table 3.5.
[10] “Cases of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2007,” HIV/AIDS Surveillance Report, vol. 19, (Atlanta, GA:Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, February 2009), accessed 5 March 2010, <http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/topics/surveillance/resources/reports/2007report/pdf/2007SurveillanceReport.pdf> , Table 18.
[11] Ibid., Table 16.
[12] Ibid.; “AIDS Case Rate per 100,000 Population, All Ages, 2007,” (Menlo Park, CA: Kaiser Family Foundation), accessed 5 March 2010, <http://www.statehealthfacts.org/comparetable.jsp?ind=513&cat=11&sub=120&yr=62&typ=1&sort=a>.
[13] Slide 15: “Reported AIDS Cases among Adolescents 13 to 19 Years of Age, 2007—United States and Dependent Areas,” HIV/AIDS Surveillance in Adolescents and Young Adults (through 2007), (Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, May 2009), accessed 25 March 2010, <http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/topics/surveillance/resources/slides/adolescents/index.htm>.  
[14] “Wonder Database: Selected STDs by Age, Race/Ethnicity, and Gender, 1996-2008 Results,” (Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention),30 June 2009, accessed 5 March 2010, <http://wonder.cdc.gov/>; see also Table 10: “Chlamydia: Reported Cases and Rates Per 100,000 Population by Age Group and Sex: United States, 2004–2008,” Sexually Transmitted Disease Surveillance 2008, (Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of STD Prevention, November 2009), accessed 5 March 2010, <http://www.cdc.gov/std/stats08/surv2008-Complete.pdf>, 95.
[15] Ibid; see also Table 20: “Gonorrhea—Reported Cases and Rates per 100,000 Population by Age Group and Sex: United States, 2004–2008,” Sexually Transmitted Disease Surveillance 2008,106.
[16] Ibid; see also Table 33: “Primary and Secondary Syphilis—Reported Cases and Rates per 100,000 Population by Age Group and Sex: United States, 2004–2008,” Sexually Transmitted Disease Surveillance 2008, 121.
[17] This refers to the federal government’s fiscal year, which begins on October 1st and ends on September 30th. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, Fiscal Year 2009 began on October 1, 2008 and ended on September 30, 2009.
[18]Through the Fiscal Year 2010 appropriations process, Congress eliminated all discretionary funding for abstinence-only-until-marriage programs, including the entire CBAE program and the abstinence-only-until-marriage portion of AFLA. The grant years listed in the chart reflect the years for which funding was originally approved; however, the grants effectively ended in Fiscal Year 2009. 
[19] SIECUS has identified this person as a state-based contact for information on adolescent health and if applicable, abstinence-only-until-marriage programs. 
[20] This section is a list of major newspapers in your state with contact information for their newsrooms.  This list is by no means exhaustive and does not contain the local level newspapers which are integral to getting your message out to your community.  SIECUS strongly urges you to follow stories about the issues that concern you on the national, state, and local level by using an internet news alert service such as Google alerts, becoming an avid reader of your local papers, and establishing relationships with reporters who cover your issues.  For more information on how to achieve your media goals visit the SIECUS Community Action Kit.

 

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