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Minnesota State Profile Fiscal Year 2008

Minnesota received no federal funding for abstinence-only-until-marriage programs in Fiscal Year 2008.[1]

(Click Here to View a PDF Version of this Profile)

 
Minnesota Sexuality Education Law and Policy
In 1988, the Minnesota legislature passed a bill requiring school districts to develop and implement a comprehensive HIV/AIDS-prevention and risk-reduction program. In 1999, the law was amended to include instruction on sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and “helping students to abstain from sexual activity until marriage.”        
While the state has not developed a specific curriculum or set of standards, each school district must have “a comprehensive, technically accurate, and updated curriculum that includes helping students to abstain from sexual activity until marriage” and must target “adolescents, especially those who may be at high risk of contracting sexually transmitted infections and diseases, for prevention efforts.”
Minnesota also requires each school district to:
 
[H]ave a procedure for a parent, guardian, or an adult student, 18 years of age or older, to review the content of the instructional materials to be provided to a minor child or to an adult student and, if the parent, guardian, or adult student objects to the content, to make reasonable arrangements with school personnel for alternative instruction.
 
This is referred to as an “opt-out” policy.
 
See Minnesota Statutes 120B.20 and 121A.23.
 
 
Recent Legislation
Bill to Mandate Sexuality Education in Schools
House File 615 and Senate File 588, introduced in February 2007, would have allowed school districts to implement age-appropriate, medically accurate, sexuality education programs in kindergarten through grade six, and mandated such education in grades seven through 12. Such sexuality education would have had to take an “abstinence-first approach,” but also include information on contraception when age-appropriate. School districts would have been required to establish procedures for parents and guardians to review all related educational materials, as well as to give parents and guardians the option to remove their children from any or all of the sexuality education instruction. The bills also stated that the department of education could offer services to help school districts craft and implement these programs by creating eight regional training centers. These bills mirror House File 3708 and Senate File 2977 from 2006; however, HF 615 designates specific dollar amounts to be appropriated for these programs from the general fund for certain fiscal years, specifies the dollar amount to be used for establishing training centers, and provides resources for carrying out the activities. House File 615 and SF 588 were referred to the K-12 Finance Division of the House and Senate Committees on Education in April 2008. Both chambers ultimately added this language as provisions to the Education Omnibus bills. Each chamber passed its omnibus bill with the language on sexuality education included. The conference committee reached resolution between the two versions in early May 2008, but the sexuality clause failed to make it into the final version, in part because conference committee members feared Governor Tim Pawlenty (R) would veto the entire bill due to the inclusion of sexuality education. 
 
Emergency Contraception Availability Required for Sexual Assault Victims
Senate Bill 1266, introduced in February 2007, requires hospital emergency rooms to offer and provide emergency contraception, prophylactic antibiotics, and treatment information to victims of sexual assault. The bill was filed on May 4, 2007 as Chapter No. 42 and is now law.
 
Bill to Mandate Sexuality Education in Schools
House Bill 3708 was introduced in March 2006 and assigned to the House Committee on Education Policy and Reform in March 2007. Senate Bill 2977 was introduced in January 2006 and assigned to the Senate Committee on Education in March 2007. These bills would have allowed sexuality education in grades kindergarten through six and required it in grades seven through 12. These bills were largely the same as HF 615 and SF 588. Neither bill made it out of its committee. 
 
 
Minnesota’s Youth: Statistical Information of Note
Minnesota did not participate in the 2007 Youth Risk Behavioral Surveillance Survey. 
 
Title V Abstinence-Only-Until-Marriage Funding
·        Minnesota was eligible for $488,623 in federal Title V abstinence-only-until-marriage funding in Fiscal Year 2008.
·        The Title V abstinence-only-until-marriage grant requires states to provide three state-raised dollars or the equivalent in services for every four federal dollars received. The state match may be provided in part or in full by local groups.
·        Minnesota, however, chose not to apply for these funds due to the extraordinary restrictions placed upon how the money must be spent. Therefore, the state does not match funds nor does it have organizations supported by this type of federal money.
 
The decision not to accept Title V funding was partially a result of Minnesota’s 2003 evaluation of its Title V program, Education Now and Babies Later (ENABL). The evaluation of ENABL, which found that it had reached 45,500 junior high students, involved pre- and post-test surveys with follow-up surveys one year later. While youth did report that the program made them feel more comfortable talking with their parents about sex, the evaluation explains, “There was little impact of the curriculum on youth’s attitudes, sexual intentions, and behaviors after one year.”[2] Evaluators also expressed concern about the “ability of the initiative to reach students and families of color.”[3]
The report found that sexual activity among junior high school participants of the ENABL program at three schools doubled between 2001 and 2002 and that those participants who said they would “probably” have sex during high school almost doubled as well.[4] The evaluation, conducted by Professional Data Analysts and Professional Evaluations Services, concluded that ENABL’s weaknesses were the result of the program constraints rather than the way it was implemented. The evaluators recommended that any further intervention be based on a more comprehensive sexuality education approach.[5]
The evaluation also found that the majority of parents surveyed by the Minnesota ENABL program (77 percent) wanted their children to learn about both abstinence and contraception. In fact, only 20 percent of these Minnesota parents wanted abstinence-only-until-marriage programs to be taught to their children. These results closely mirror the findings of numerous national surveys.[6]
 
 
Community-Based Abstinence Education (CBAE) and Adolescent Family Life Act (AFLA) Grantees
·        There are no CBAE or AFLA grantees in Minnesota.
 
 
Federal and State Funding for Abstinence-Only-Until-Marriage Programs in FY 2008
Minnesota did not receive abstinence-only-until-marriage funding in Fiscal Year 2008. 
 
Adolescent Health Contact[7]
Gabriel McNeal
Minnesota Department of Health
Division of Community and Family Health
P.O. Box 64882
St. Paul, MN 55164-0882
Phone: (651) 201-3752
 
 
Minnesota Organizations that Support Comprehensive Sexuality Education

Minnesota AIDS Project

 
1400 Park Avenue S
Minneapolis, MN 55404
Phone: (612) 341-2060
 
Minnesota Organization on Adolescent Pregnancy, Prevention, and Parenting
1619 Dayton Avenue, Suite 111
St. Paul, MN 55104
Phone: (651) 644-1447
 
Minnesota Religious Coalition for
Reproductive Choice
122 West Franklin Avenue, Suite 303
Minneapolis, MN 55404
Phone: (612) 870-0974
 
NARAL Pro-Choice Minnesota
550 Rice Street
St. Paul, MN 55103
Phone: (651) 602-7655
The National Teen Pregnancy Prevention Research Center
200 Oak Street SE, Suite 260
Minneapolis, MN 55455
Phone: (612) 626-2820
 
Outfront Minnesota
310 38th Street E, Suite 204
Minneapolis, MN 55409
Phone: (612) 822-0127
 
Planned Parenthood of Minnesota, North
Dakota, South Dakota
1965 Ford Parkway
St. Paul, MN 55116
Phone: (651) 698-2401
 
 

 

     
Minnesota Organizations that Oppose Comprehensive Sexuality Education

Center of the American Experiment

 
12 South 6th Street
Minneapolis, MN 55402
Phone: (612) 338-3605
 
Minnesota Citizens Concerned for Life
4249 Nicollet Avenue
Minneapolis, MN 55409
Phone: (612) 825-6831
 
Minnesota Family Council
2855 Anthony Lane S
Minneapolis, MN 55418
Phone: (612)789-8811
 
 

 

       
Newspapers in Minnesota[8]

Brainerd Daily Dispatch
Newsroom

 
506 James Street
PO Box 974
Brainerd, MN 56401
Phone: (218) 829-4705
 
City Pages
Newsroom
401 North Third Street
Suite 550
Minneapolis, MN 55401
Phone: (612) 372-3723
Daily Globe
Newsroom
P.O. Box 639
Worthington, MN 56187
Phone: (507) 376-9711
 
Duluth News-Tribune
Newsroom
424 W. First Street
Duluth, MN 55802
Phone: (218)-723-5281
The Free Press
Newsroom
418 S. 2nd Street
Mankato, MN 56001
Phone: (507) 344-6397
Mesabi Daily News
Newsroom
704 7th Avenue
Virginia, MN 55792
Phone: (218) 741-5544
 
Post-Bulletin
Newsroom
18 First Avenue SE
P.O. Box 6118
Rochester, MN 55903
Phone: (507) 285-7600
 
St. Cloud Times
Newsroom
3000 7th Street North
St. Cloud, MN 56303
Phone: (320) 255-8776
St. Paul Pioneer Press
Newsroom
345 Cedar Street
St. Paul, MN 55101
Phone: (651) 222-1111
 
Star Tribune
Newsroom
425 Portland Avenue South
Minneapolis, MN 55488
Phone: (612) 673-4000
West Central Tribune
Newsroom
P.O. Box 839
Willmar, MN 56201
Phone: (320) 235-1150
 

 

       
 


[1] This refers to the federal government’s fiscal year, which begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, Fiscal Year 2008 began on October 1, 2007 and ended on September 30, 2008.
[2] Professional Data Analysts and Professional Evaluation Services, Minnesota Education Now and Babies Later: Evaluation Report 1998-2002 (St. Paul, MN: Minnesota Dept. of Health, Division of Family Health, Maternal and Child Health Section, 2003).
[3]Ibid, 10.
[4] Ibid.
[5] Minnesota Education Now and Babies Later (MN ENABL), Evaluation Report 1998–2002 (St. Paul, MN: Minnesota Department of Health, Division of Family Health, Maternal and Child Health Section), accessed 30 January 2007, <http://saynotyet.com/report.htm>.
[6] Sex Education in America: General Public/Parents Survey (Washington, DC: National Public Radio, Kaiser Family Foundation, Kennedy School of Government, 2004), 5.
[7] SIECUS has identified this person as a state-based contact for information on adolescent health and if applicable, abstinence-only-until-marriage programs. 
[8] This section is a list of major newspapers in your state with contact information for their newsrooms. This list is by no means exhaustive and does not contain the local level newspapers which are integral to getting your message out to your community. SIECUS strongly urges you to follow stories about the issues that concern you on the national, state, and local level by using an internet news alert service such as Google alerts, becoming an avid reader of your local papers, and establishing relationships with reporters who cover your issues. For more information on how to achieve your media goals visit the SIECUS Community Action Kit.
National Coalition to Support Sexuality Education National Coalition to Support Sexuality Education National Coalition to Support Sexuality Education National Coalition to Support Sexuality Education