Illinois State Profile Fiscal Year 2008
The Department of Human Services and community-based organizations in Illinois received $10,001,768 in federal funds for abstinence-only-until-marriage programs in Fiscal Year 2008.
Sexuality Education Law and Policy | Recent Legislation | Events of Note | Youth Statistical Information of Note | Title V Abstinence-Only-Until-Marriage Funding | Community-Based Abstinence Education (CBAE) and Adolescent Family Life Act (AFLA) Grantees | Federal and State Funding for Abstinence-Only-Until-Marriage Programs | Adolescent Health Contact | Organizations that Support Comprehensive Sexuality Education | Organizations that Oppose Comprehensive Sexuality Education | Local Newspapers | References
The Illinois School Code states that comprehensive sexuality education offered in grades six through 12 must include instruction on the prevention, transmission, and spread of AIDS. Any school that teaches sexuality education must also emphasize that, “abstinence is the expected norm in that abstinence from sexual intercourse is the only protection that is 100% effective against unwanted teenage pregnancy, sexually transmitted diseases, and acquired immune deficiency syndrome when transmitted sexually.”
The Comprehensive Health Education Program, which is a component of the Critical Health Problems and Comprehensive Health Education Act,states that the following areas must be addressed in all elementary and secondary schools:
· human ecology and health;
· human growth and development;
· the emotional, psychological, physiological, hygienic, and social responsibilities of family life, including sexual abstinence until marriage;
· prevention and control of disease; and
· the transmission and spread of AIDS.
All courses that discuss sexual intercourse are to include the hazards of sexual intercourse, the latest medical information on the failure and success rates of condoms, and explanations of when it is unlawful for males to have sexual relations with females. Course material must also include information regarding the Abandoned Newborn Infant Protection Act, responsible parenting, and the availability of confidential adoption services. According to the Illinois School Code, “honor and respect for monogamous heterosexual marriage” must be taught.
If any school district provides courses of instruction “designed to promote wholesome and comprehensive understanding of the emotional, psychological, physiological, hygienic, and social responsibility aspects of family life, then these courses will include teaching alternatives to abortion that are age-appropriate; and whenever such courses are provided in any grades 6–12, then such courses will also include instruction on the prevention, transmission and spread of AIDS.” School districts can also provide parenting education for grades six to 12 and include such instruction in the courses of study regularly taught.
Parents or guardians may remove their children from any or all sexuality education, family life programs, and/or STD/HIV programs. This is referred to as an “opt-out” policy.
See codes: 105 ILCS 110/2, 105 ILCS 110/3, 105 ILCS 5/27-9.1, 105 ILCS 5/27-9.2, 105 ILCS 27-11, Public Act 92-0023, and Illinois School Code.
Bill to Require Sexual Assault Awareness in Comprehensive Health Education Programs
Introduced in April 2007, House Bill 3677 would have amended the Critical Health Problems and Comprehensive Education Act, various acts relating to the governance of public universities in the state, and the Public Community College Act in order to require secondary schools with comprehensive health education programs to include sexual assault awareness. The bill passed the House and was sent to the Senate Committee on Rules in April 2007, but failed to move out of the committee and died.
Legislation Amends HIV Counseling for Pregnancy Women
Introduced in February 2007, House Bill 1759 amends the Perinatal HIV Prevention Act. It requires healthcare professionals who provide services to pregnant women to recommend HIV testing to patients and offer HIV counseling. However, if a patient declines in writing or has already received an HIV test during pregnancy, the healthcare professional need not recommend testing or counseling. The legislation was signed by former Governor Rod Blagojevich (D) and became Public Act No. 95-702 in November 2007.
Bill Would Require Department of Public Health to Raise Awareness about HPV
Introduced in February 2007, House Bill 2033 would have amended the Communicable Disease Prevention Act to require the Department of Public Health (DPH) to raise public awareness about human papilloma virus (HPV) and the HPV vaccine by producing and distributing informational material to the public. The bill was sent to the Committee on Rules in May 2007, but failed to move out of the committee and died.
Illinois’s Youth: Statistical Information of Note
· In 2007, 49% of female high school students and 52% of male high school students in Illinois reported ever having had sexual intercourse compared to 46% of female high school students and 50% of male high school students nationwide.
· In 2007, 3% of female high school students and 11% of male high school students in Illinois reported having had sexual intercourse before age 13 compared to 4% of female high school students and 10% of male high school students nationwide.
· In 2007, 13% of female high school students and 19% of male high school students in Illinois reported having had four or more lifetime sexual partners compared to 12% of female high school students and 18% of male high school students nationwide.
· In 2007, 40% of female high school students and 35% of male high school students in Illinois reported being currently sexually active (defined as having had sexual intercourse in the three months prior to the survey) compared to 36% of female high school students and 34% of male high school students nationwide.
· In 2007, among those high school students who reported being currently sexually active, 56% of females and 73% of males in Illinois reported having used condoms the last time they had sexual intercourse compared to 55% of females and 69% of males nationwide.
· In 2007, among those high school students who reported being currently sexually active, 22% of females and 13% of males in Illinois reported having used birth control pills the last time they had sexual intercourse compared to 19% of females and 13% of males nationwide.
· In 2007, among those high school students who reported being currently sexually active, 20% of females and 25% of males in Illinois reported having used alcohol or drugs the last time they had sexual intercourse compared to 18% of females and 28% of males nationwide.
· In 2007, 91% of high school students in Illinois reported having been taught about AIDS/HIV in school compared to 90% of high school students nationwide.
· In 2007, 53% of female high school students and 62% of male high school students in Chicago, Illinois reported ever having had sexual intercourse compared to 46% of female high school students and 50% of male high school students nationwide.
· In 2007, 6% of female high school students and 19% of male high school students in Chicago, Illinois reported having had sexual intercourse before age 13 compared to 4% of female high school students and 10% of male high school students nationwide.
· In 2007, 11% of female high school students and 27% of male high school students in Chicago, Illinois reported having had four or more lifetime sexual partners compared to 12% of female high school students and 18% of male high school students nationwide.
· In 2007, 41% of female high school students and 39% of male high school students in Chicago, Illinois reported being currently sexually active (defined as having had sexual intercourse in the three months prior to the survey) compared to 36% of female high school students and 34% of male high school students nationwide.
· In 2007, among those high school students who reported being currently sexually active, 64% of females and 74% of males in Chicago, Illinois reported having used condoms the last time they had sexual intercourse compared to 55% of females and 69% of males nationwide.
· In 2007, among those high school students who reported being currently sexually active, 12% of females and 7% of males in Chicago, Illinois reported having used birth control pills the last time they had sexual intercourse compared to 19% of females and 13% of males nationwide.
· In 2007, among those high school students who reported being currently sexually active, 9% of females and 17% of males in Chicago, Illinois reported having used alcohol or drugs the last time they had sexual intercourse compared to 18% of females and 28% of males nationwide.
· In 2007, 84% of high school students in Chicago, Illinois reported having been taught about AIDS/HIV in school compared to 90% of high school students nationwide.
· Illinois received $1,834,583 in federal Title V abstinence-only-until-marriage funding in Fiscal Year 2008.
· The Title V abstinence-only-until-marriage grant requires states to provide three state-raised dollars or the equivalent in services for every four federal dollars received. The state match may be provided in part or in full by local groups.
· In Illinois, the match is provided through in-kind services from the sub-grantees.
· There are 33 sub-grantees in Illinois: one leader in the abstinence-only-until-marriage industry, two high schools or universities, four crisis pregnancy centers, six health departments or hospitals (including one faith-based), and 20 community-based organizations (including one faith-based).
SIECUS has compiled some examples of the use of federal Title V abstinence-only-until-marriage funding in Illinois:
Committee on the Status of Women doing business as Project Reality, $81,560 (2008) and $791,979 (CBAE 2005–2008)
As of December 15, 2008, Project Reality closed its doors and merged with the Abstinence and Marriage Education Partnership under the direction of Scott Phelps. For more information on this organization, see the CBAE and AFLA section.
Although given funds through the name “Committee on the Status of Women,” the organization operated as Project Reality and was one of the nation’s leading abstinence-only-until-marriage providers for over 20 years. Its mission reads, “To give a positive presentation of the benefits of abstinence through curricula, presentations and materials in order to help teens choose abstinence from sexual activity and the use of alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs.”
Project Reality developed two fear-based abstinence-only-until-marriage curricula,
A.C. Green’s Game Plan and Navigator. Both curricula were co-authored by Scott Phelps, the founder of Abstinence and Marriage Education Partnership, a Title V abstinence-only-until-marriage and CBAE dual grantee in Illinois. Although Project Reality closed its doors, the curricula will continue to be distributed through the Abstinence and Marriage Education Partnership.
SIECUS reviewed Game Plan and found that in order to convince high school students to remain abstinent until marriage, the curriculum relies on messages of fear and shame, inaccurate and misleading information, and biased views of marriage, sexual orientation, and family structure. In addition, Game Plan fails to provide important information on sexual health including how students can seek testing and treatment if they suspect they may have an STD. Finally, the format and underlying biases of the curriculum do not allow for cultural, community, and individual values, and discourage critical thinking and discussions of alternate points of view in the classroom. For example, Game Plan compares sex to fire and says: “In a fireplace, fire is beautiful and gives warmth to a home. Outside of the fireplace, it can cause serious harm. What about sex? In a marriage relationship, sex can be beautiful. Outside of marriage, it can cause serious harm.”
SIECUS also reviewed Navigator and found that it relies on messages of fear and shame, inaccurate and misleading information, and biased views of marriage, sexual orientation, and pregnancy options. Navigator fails to provide important information on sexual health, and the format and underlying biases of the curriculum dictate specific values and discourage critical thinking. For example, the authors explain, “Navigator does not promote the use of contraceptives for teens. No contraceptive device is guaranteed to prevent pregnancy. Besides, students who do not exercise self-control to remain abstinent are not likely to exercise self-control in the use of a contraceptive device.”
Project Reality also provided teacher trainings, assembly speakers, and parent education programs as well as application assistance to other organizations applying for Title V abstinence-only-until-marriage and CBAE funds.
Project Reality had ties to many other leaders in the abstinence-only-until-marriage industry. For example, the Abstinence Clearinghouse lists Project Reality’s curricula in its Resource Library. Additionally, Kathleen Sullivan of Project Reality sat on the Abstinence Clearinghouse’s National Advisory Council.
Confederation of Spanish-American Families, $75,000 (2008) and $600,000 (CBAE 2006–2011)
The Confederation of Spanish-American Families (CSAF) is both a Title V abstinence-only-until-marriage sub-grantee and a CBAE grantee. This organization focuses on providing abstinence programming in Latino schools. The CSAF uses two popular, fear-based abstinence-only-until-marriage curricula, Game Plan and Navigator.
In addition, the CSAF is the lead agency in the Hispanic Abstinence Coalition in Chicago. This is a group of “community-based organizations that raise awareness about and support the Parents Speak Up National Campaign, while providing parents the necessary culturally-sensitive tools to talk to their children early and often about waiting to have sex until marriage.”
Society for the Preservation of Human Dignity, $60,199 (2008)
Located near Chicago, the Society for the Preservation of Human Dignity (PHD), aims to “affirm the values of the lives of women & families facing the issues of pregnancy and parenting.”  The organization is a crisis pregnancy center; these agencies typically advertise as providing medical services and then use anti-abortion propaganda, misinformation, and fear and shame tactics to dissuade women facing unintended pregnancy from exercising their right to choose. PHD is listed on Illinois Right to Life Committee’s list of Pro-Life websites. 
Its abstinence-only-until-marriage program is called “Independence Highway.” In 2006, 14 percent of the organization’s budget came from Title V abstinence-only-until-marriage dollars.
Southside Pregnancy Center, $77,500 (2008)
A crisis pregnancy center, the Southside Pregnancy Center’s mission is, “To serve God through the ministry of crisis pregnancy intervention. Young women and men facing a critical pregnancy decision will find support, encouragement and biblical guidance. Southside Pregnancy Center exists to proclaim TRUTH, LIFE and HOPE to those in unplanned pregnancy situations.” In 2007, 22 percent of the organization’s budget came from Title V abstinence-only-until-marriage dollars. Southside Pregnancy Center’s abstinence-only-until-marriage program is called “Worthy Goal” (www.worthygoal.com).
· There are 12 CBAE grantees in Illinois: one hospital (faith-based), three abstinence-only-until-marriage industry leaders, three crisis pregnancy centers, and five community-based organizations.
· There are two AFLA grantees in Illinois: Demoiselle 2 Femme (also a CBAE grantee) and Lake County Health Department and Community Health Center.
SIECUS has compiled some examples of the use of federal CBAE and AFLA funding in Illinois:
Abstinence and Marriage Education Partnership, $800,000 (CBAE 2005–2008) and $512,500 (CBAE 2008–2013)
As of December 15, 2008, Project Reality has merged with the Abstinence and Marriage Education Partnership.
The Abstinence and Marriage Education Partnership says its vision is to reach “Every teenager in the country with the abstinence and marriage message.” Scott Phelps, who has a long history in the abstinence-only-until-marriage and anti-choice movement, founded the organization. His career began at the crisis pregnancy center Caris Prevention Services, also a CBAE grantee. Mr. Phelps also helped to co-author two of the most popular fear-based abstinence-only-until-marriage curricula, A.C. Green’s Game Plan and Navigator, both of which were distributed by Project Reality, a Title V abstinence-only-until-marriage and CBAE grantee in Illinois for many years. (See the Title V section for more information on these two curricula.) Mr. Phelps then went on to found the The Abstinence and Marriage Education Partnership and create a new curriculum, ASPIRE: Live your life. Be free. In Fiscal Year 2006, the organization was 80 percent funded by CBAE dollars.
SIECUS reviewed ASPIRE and found that it is based on one set of values and opinions—that marriage should be everyone’s ultimate goal and that sex outside of marriage is wrong—which it tries to pass off as universally held truths. In an effort to convince students that these opinions are facts, the curriculum provides incomplete and biased information, promotes fear and shame, and undermines young people’s confidence in their own decision-making abilities. For example, students are asked which life decision—college, career, or marriage—will have the most impact on their life. The answer is marriage because “College is for a few years, and you may have a number of careers. But marriage is for life.”
Abstinence and Marriage Education Partnership sponsors a number of conferences about abstinence. One conference, “Restoring the Dream,” featured Phelps and other national abstinence-only-until-marriage speakers, including Maggie Gallagher, Glenn T. Stanton, Rozario Slack, and Joel and Sofia Gonzales, who were brought to the conference “to equip educators with the message of marriage.” Maggie Gallagher is the president of the Institute for Marriage and Public Policy and the author of The Case for Marriage: Why Married People Are Happier, Healthier, and Better-Off Financially. The Institute for Marriage and Public Policy’s mission is to provide “research and public education on ways that laws and public policy can strengthen marriage as a social institution.” Gallagher previously faced controversy when she accepted a government contract from the U. S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) to promote the Healthy Marriages Initiative while also promoting the initiative in a private magazine column. Glenn T. Stanton is an employee of Focus on the Family, an organization whose mission statement is “to cooperate with the Holy Spirit in sharing the Gospel of Jesus Christ with as many people as possible by nurturing and defending the God-ordained institution of the family and promoting biblical truths worldwide.” In addition to sponsoring such conferences, Mr. Phelps has traveled across the country in support of anti-choice bills and crisis pregnancy centers.
In December 2006, Mr. Phelps helped to found the National Abstinence Education Association (NAEA) and currently serves on its board of directors as vice chairman. The NAEA is the lobbying arm of the abstinence-only-until-marriage movement. Its mission reads, “The NAEA exists to serve, support and represent individuals and organizations in the practice of abstinence education.” Since its inception the NAEA has undertaken a number of media campaigns that use fear and misinformation in an attempt to discredit comprehensive sexuality education. In April 2008, the NAEA launched the Parents for Truth (www.parentsfortuth.org) fundraising scheme.
Mr. Phelps has personally updated the Illinois section of the NAEA’s website with the following message: “The state recently cut funding for Project Reality, the largest program in the state. SIECUS is making calls and working to cut off all abstinence funding in the state by sending numerous FOIA requests to the state Title V coordinator, keeping her on the defensive. Submitted by Scott Phelps 5/2/08.” SIECUS did, in fact, file a FOIA (Freedom of Information Act) request as part of our research for this publication because the state’s abstinence-only-until-marriage coordinator refused repeated requests from SIECUS staff for information about the state’s Title V abstinence-only-until-marriage program.
Caris Prevention Services, $600,000 (CBAE 2007–2012)
Caris Prevention Services is connected to Caris Pregnancy Clinics, a crisis pregnancy center. Though separate entities, their activities are completely intertwined. In Fiscal Year 2007, Caris Prevention Services’ budget was 100 percent funded by CBAE dollars. In addition, according to the organization’s tax returns, Caris Prevention Services did not exist before 2005, the year it started receiving federal abstinence-only-until-marriage dollars.
Caris Pregnancy Clinics describes its mission as, “Manifesting God’s Love and Truth, Caris seeks to significantly decrease the number of lives harmed by abortion in Cook County by empowering women and youth with relevant information, relational counseling and practical resources, so that they can make informed, God-honoring decisions.”
Caris Prevention Services claims to have reached thousands of students through its various abstinence-only-until-marriage programs. The organization operates the “Not Yet Not Now” abstinence-only-until-marriage program for students in grades six through 12tin 12 Cook County schools. It also sponsors “Breakdown” which is described as “the new generation of Edutainment, bringing the message of self control and hope to a generation of young people looking for the REAL thing.” As part of Breakdown, young people perform music, hip-hop dance, and drama, they also speak to peers and produce videos about abstinence until marriage, sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), pregnancy, and other topics. Caris Prevention Services performs “Breakdown” with Lydia Home Association, another CBAE grantee. The programs work in conjunction with the Caris Pregnancy Clinics’ staff.
Other programs of Caris Prevention Services, including “PEACE” and “New Beginnings” target sexually active students and take place at the Caris Pregnancy Clinics.
Caris Prevention Service’s application to the Administration for Children and Families (ACF), the division of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) which oversees CBAE grantees, included a letter of support from the Illinois Deputy Governor, Louanner Peters (D). The application also includes letters of support and collaboration from Crisis Pregnancy Centers of Tucson (also a federal abstinence-only-until-marriage grantee) as well as three leaders in the abstinence-only-until-marriage industry: the Abstinence Clearinghouse (of which Caris is an affiliate), Abstinence and Marriage Education Partnership, and Project Reality.
As an affiliate of the Abstinence Clearinghouse, Caris Prevention Services has access to a network of nearly 70 abstinence-only-until-marriage organizations. Affiliates gain access to resources, including abstinence-only-until-marriage curricula and invitations to the Abstinence Clearinghouse conference self-titled as the “most prestigious abstinence-until-marriage event of the year.”  The founder of the Abstinence Clearinghouse is Leslee Unruh, one of the industry’s leaders, who began her career working in a South Dakota crisis pregnancy center and has deep ties to the anti-choice movement.
CareNet Pregnancy Services of DuPage, $499,394 (CBAE 2007–2012)
CareNet Pregnancy Services of DuPage is a branch of the nation’s largest network of crisis pregnancy centers called Care Net. The mission of the Care Net organization is to, “Promote a culture of life through the delivery of valuable, life-affirming, evangelistic ministry to people facing unplanned pregnancies and related sexual issues.” Its vision is to, “Help build a culture of life in which every pregnant woman is offered the support she needs to choose life for her unborn baby. We also envision a future where people will be transformed by the Gospel and desire to live out their lives in accordance with God's design for sexuality.” Care Net is recognized by the Illinois Right to Life Committee on its list of “pro-life” organizations. In 2006, 27 percent of the CareNet Pregnancy Services of DuPage’s budget came from CBAE funds.
Lydia Home Association, $464,160 (2006–2011)
The Lydia Home Association is “A national, Christ-honoring organization whose mission is to strengthen families to care for children and care for children when families cannot.” Its abstinence program, “WHAT’S GOOD,” consists of classroom presentations, assemblies, after-school programs, and commitments to sexual purity. 
Research has found that 88 percent of young people who took a virginity pledge ultimately had sexual intercourse before marriage. Under certain conditions these pledges may help some adolescents delay sexual intercourse. When they work, pledges help this select group of adolescents delay the onset of sexual intercourse for an average of 18 months—far short of marriage. Researchers found that pledges only worked when taken by a small group of students. Pledges taken by a whole class were ineffective. More importantly, the studies also found that those young people who took a pledge were one-third less likely to use contraception when they did become sexually active than their peers who had not pledged. These teens are therefore more vulnerable to the risks of unprotected sexual activity such as unintended pregnancy and STDs, including HIV/AIDS. Further research has confirmed that although some students who take pledges delay intercourse, ultimately they are equally as likely to contract an STD as their non-pledging peers. The study also found that STD rates were higher in communities where a significant proportion (over 20%) of the young people had taken virginity pledges.
In addition to asking students to pledge to sexual purity, Lydia Home Association hosts a website (www.whatsgoodprogram.com). The site currently consists of a single page and describes the program’s message as teaching: “Students to say ‘yes’ to a healthy lifestyle of freedom from the worry of unplanned pregnancy, STDs, and the stress and depression that often result from teen sexual activity.”
Adolescent Health Contact
Anna Maria Accove
Illinois Department of Human Services
Division of Community Health and Prevention
535 W. Jefferson Street
Springfield, IL 62702
Phone: (312) 793-4605
Newspapers in Illinois
This refers to the federal government’s fiscal year, which begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, Fiscal Year 2008 began on October 1, 2007 and ended on September 30, 2008.
 Unless otherwise cited, all statistical information comes from: Danice K. Eaton, et. al., “Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance—United States, 2007,” Surveillance Summaries, Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 57.SS-4 (6 June 2008), accessed 4 June 2008, <http://www.cdc.gov/HealthyYouth/yrbs/index.htm>.
 “About Us,” Project Reality, accessed 11 October 2008, <http://www.projectreality.org/about/index.php?id=10>.
 Scott Phelps and Libby Gray, A.C. Green’s Game Plan (Golf, IL: Project Reality, 2007). For more information, see SIECUS’ review of A.C. Green’s Game Plan at <http://www.communityactionkit.org/curricula_reviews.html>.
 “Grantees,” Project Reality, accessed 11 October 2008, <http://www.projectreality.org/grantees/index.php?id=7>.
 “Resource Library,” Abstinence Clearinghouse, accessed 11 October 2008,
 “Advisory Council,” Abstinence Clearinghouse, accessed 11 October 2008,
 “Relations and Support,” 4Parents.org, accessed 11 October 2008, <http://www.4parents.gov/familia/relations_support/>.
 “Resource Links to Other Pro-Life Web Sites,” Illinois Right to Life Committee, accessed 12 October 2008, <http://www.illinoisrighttolife.org/web_sites_list.html>.
14 “Independence Highway,” The Society for the Preservation of Human Dignity, accessed 12 October 2008, <http://www.sphd.org/ih_default.shtml>.
 Society for the Preservation of Human Dignity, IRS 990 Form, 2006.
 “Welcome,” Southside Pregnancy Center, accessed 12 October 2008, <http://www.southsidepregnancy.org/index_files/Page1109.htm>.
 Southside Pregnancy Center, IRS 990 Form, 2007, p.1.
 “The Story of A&M Partnership,” Abstinence and Marriage Education Partnership, accessed 11 October 2008, <http://www.ampartnership.org/about_us/about_us.asp>.
 Abstinence and Marriage Education Partnership, IRS 990 Form, Fiscal Year 2006.
 Scott Phelps, Aspire. Live your life. Be Free. (Arlington, IL: Abstinence & Marriage Resources, 2006). For more information, see SIECUS’ review of Aspire at <http://www.communityactionkit.org/curricula_reviews.html>.
 “Abstinence & Marriage Education Partnership Newsletter,” Abstinence & Marriage Education Partnership, 10 January 2008.
 “Person Profile: Horn, Wade F.,” Media Transparency, accessed 12 February 2008, <http://www.mediatransparency.org/personprofile.php?personID=89>.
 “Radio Updates,” World Paper Publishing, (29 August 2003), accessed 12 October 2008, <http://www.worldnewspaperpublishing.com/radioupdates/>; “News,” Massachusetts Family Institute, accessed 12 October 2008, <http://www.mafamily.org/news.php?h_id=29>.
 “About Us,” National Abstinence Education Association, accessed 10 October 2008, <http://www.abstinenceassociation.org/about_us/index.html>.
 Caris Prevention Services, IRS 990 Form, Fiscal Year 2007.
 Caris Prevention Services, CBAE Application, FY2007, p. 60.
 “Breakdown Chicago: About Breakdown,” Caris Prevention Services, (2006), accessed 12 February 2008, <http://www.notyetnotnow.com/breakdown/about_us.asp>.
 Caris Prevention Services, CBAE Application, FY2007, p. 60.
 Louanner Peters, Letter to ACF, undated letter.
 Caris Prevention Services, CBAE Application, FY2007, p. 60.
 “Resource Links to Other Pro-Life Web Sites,” Illinois Right to Life Committee, accessed 12 October 2008, <http://www.illinoisrighttolife.org/web_sites_list.html>.
 Care Net, IRS 990 Form, 2006, p. 1.
 “Mission,” Lydia Home Association, accessed 11 October 2008, <http://www.lydiahome.org/Content.aspx?content_id=13103&site_id=10086>.
 “Abstinence Education,” Lydia Home Association, accessed 11 October 2008, <http://www.lydiahome.org/Ministry.aspx?ministry_id=51068&site_id=10086>.
 Peter Bearman and Hannah Brückner “Promising the Future: Virginity Pledges and the Transition to First Intercourse.” American Journal of Sociology 106.4 (2001): 859-912; Peter Bearman and Hannah Brückner, “After the promise: The STD consequences of adolescent virginity pledges,” Journal of Adolescent Health 36.4 (2005): 271-278.
 SIECUS has identified this person as a state-based contact for information on adolescent health and if applicable, abstinence-only-until-marriage programs.
 This section is a list of major newspapers in your state with contact information for their newsrooms. This list is by no means exhaustive and does not contain the local level newspapers which are integral to getting your message out to your community. SIECUS strongly urges you to follow stories about the issues that concern you on the national, state, and local level by using an internet news alert service such as Google alerts, becoming an avid reader of your local papers, and establishing relationships with reporters who cover your issues. For more information on how to achieve your media goals visit the SIECUS Community Action Kit.